On graduating from high school, i.e after completion of the 12th, students find themselves at crossroads wondering which path to choose. This decision is crucial because it is with this decision that the orchestration of their future starts. One slip and you’ll find yourself left way behind others in this rat race called life. More than 14,433,107 students who have taken their 12th Standard exams require the proper guidance to direct their academic professions. Class 12 is the most critical stage in a person's life when deciding on a career because it forms the base of that student’s professional expertise and the lifestyle he will enjoy. Picking a solid employment option after 12th grade is a stressful assignment. But, one’s choice should not completely be driven by demand or employment opportunities. One must opt for that stream or subject that stirs their interest. A student must be well aware of their capability and choose a subject that they can endure. However, it is essential to conduct extensive studies on career and job alternatives obtainable after the 12th grade in fields that are aligned with their interests. The most common options parents keep in front of their children comprise choosing either engineering or Medical. The engineering field has its own ups and downs in its demand, however, the craze and demand for the medical field have always seen a rise. No wonder this stream is hence the most coveted one.

This article endeavours to guide the students who have taken science as their subject in 12th and are intending to continue in the medical field. Diverse career paths, with a constantly changing demand and need, are available today. This expanding market in the medical domain endows students with a plethora of opportunities. In this article, you will find a meticulous description of the top-notch careers a student can take up in the medical field after graduating from school.

Why prefer the medical field after the 12th?

The most sought-after and respected field in the world, the medical field not only gives you great remuneration, a secure future and respect but also rewards you with satisfaction and the opportunity to help the needy. The best facet of this stream is that it furnishes you with innumerable career options to choose from, like- nursing, paramedics, optometrist, forensic science, microbiology, medicine, etc.

What are some of the best disciplines in the medical field after the 12th?

After comprehensive research, the following list has been encapsulated to answer this question-

  • Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor Of Surgery (MBBS)
  • Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)
  • Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
  • Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)
  • Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)
  • Bachelor of Siddha Medicine and Surgery (BSMS)
  • Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharm)
  • Bachelor of Nursing (B.Sc Nursing)
  • Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT)
  • Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT)
  • Bachelor of Medical Laboratory and Technology (BMLT)
  • Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences (BNYS)
  • Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry (BVSc and AH)
  • Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology
  • There are various diploma courses too.

Some of the most recognised and highly paying disciplines are discussed below-

  • Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery (MBBS) : This discipline tops the list by bagging the position of the most desired profession in the medical field preferred by students after the 12th. This discipline covers a wide range of subjects during the course. This 5-year long course has a prerequisite of a PCB background at the school level and an appropriate percentile in the national NEET UG exam.
  • Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS): This discipline, including 4 year-long of classroom education with a compulsory year of a rotating internship, is the only professional dental course approved in India that stresses on introducing and training the students on dental surgeries and sciences. Undertaking this course is mandatory for students aspiring to serve society as dentists. This has a similar prerequisite to MBBS but with a different cut-off.
  • Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharm): Covid and advancement in technology have majorly contributed to the sudden rise in the popularity of this discipline. A student learns thorough knowledge of methods and processes of drug production. Operational handling of a dispensary, pharmacy or drugs are the other three main components of this stream that a student learns during their 4 year-long courses. To pursue B.Pharm, students must aspire to crack the various entrance exams held at the state or national level.
  • Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc and AH):- For students concerned about the welfare of animals and who are inclined to pursue medicine, this stream is ideal. Handling animal diseases, their anatomy, nutrition, physiology and well-being is what this discipline majorly focuses on. The duration of this discipline is 5.5 years with at least 6 months of internship.
  • Bachelor of Nursing (B.Sc Nursing): Nursing is popularly called “the supportive pillar of MBBs” that equips students with in-depth knowledge in general nursing, midwifery and professional training. Admission to this discipline that aims at educating the students on fundamentals of nursing, community diseases, healthy economics, surgical operations and ward management is merit-based via different state or national level exams. Candidates require at least 50% aggregate marks in the 12th from a recognised board.
  • Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT):- If one wants to recover from muscular spasms or muscle injury, it is physiotherapy to which that resort. This science of physical movements can also make the students adept Sports Injury Physicians. To get admitted to this 4-6 years long course, one needs to clear the state or national level entrance exams with JIPMER All India Entrance Test being the most prominent one.

Remuneration received after completion of the courses:

Job Profile Average Salary (per month)
Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery Rs 80,000- 1 lakh
Bachelor of Dental Surgery Rs 70,000- Rs 80,000
Bachelor of Nursing Rs 50,000
Bachelor of Pharmacy Rs 60,000
Bachelor of Physiotherapy Rs 40,000
Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry Rs 45,000
Bachelor of Biotechnology Rs 60,000
Bachelor of Optometry Rs 30,000
Bachelor of Homeopathic medicine and surgery Rs 50,000
Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery Rs 30,000


A career in medicine gives you financial stability. It includes a lot of diversifications which prevents constricting the number of career options making this field full of opportunities and promotions. Although hectic, this field has flexible scheduling. Moreover, one can settle anywhere in the world because there is a good uniformity in the requirement and eligibility of a career in the medical field all over the globe along with a persistently handsome salary. The huge scope of research, the ability to fit in a variety of work environments and mammoth contribution toward the well-being of society have made this field extremely popular. Unhealthy lifestyles and diseases have increased the need for good medical professionals. Hence the youth of India should plan to pursue a career in this field.